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What is Consumer Behaviour? 11 Onsite Factors that Affect Consumer Behaviour

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What is Consumer Behaviour? 11 Onsite Factors that Affect Consumer Behaviour

Consumer behaviour is your best bet when it comes to marketing growth!

If you have the knowledge of what your customer needs, then you can literally sell anything to anyone.

For instance, around 70% of millennials with children check the product ratings and reviews before buying them.

Seeing this, most of the e-commerce or online stores like Amazon include product ratings and reviews to convert more number of customers.

This is how effective consumer behaviour gets when utilized properly.

But what exactly is consumer behaviour?

To put it in simple words, consumer behaviour is how a customer behaves during the various stages of a sales funnel. It specifically deals with what a customer needs, desires or wants while buying a product or service.

So how can this be beneficial for you? Let’s think of it in this way!

If you know exactly what your customer would seek out from your product or service, wouldn’t it help in improving your sale as well as customer retention?

Not only that, but it would also improve the quality of your product or service drastically.

With the knowledge of consumer behaviour, you can actually influence your consumers into buying products.

Although, this might seem like manipulation at first using it effectively will surely give you long term benefits!

The importance of consumer behaviour is not merely limited to marketing strategies and also helps in branding as well as creating impactful campaigns.

In this article, we are going to look into the in-depth aspects of consumer behaviour.

What is Consumer Behaviour?

As mentioned earlier, consumer behaviour is the study of how a consumer behaves while purchasing a new product.

Now, to understand what is Consumer Behaviour in details, it is important to know that several factors affect (or influence) a customer’s behaviour towards buying a product or service.

We’ll cover that later on in this article.

First of all, we need to understand what makes consumer behaviour an important aspect that should be considered while crafting a successful marketing strategy or a marketing campaign.

So, let us understand the importance of consumer behaviour right away-

Importance of Consumer Behaviour

Consumer Behaviour

Consumer Behaviour

It is a very important aspect that influences a consumer into buying your product or service.

Studying what is consumer behaviour gives you a greater insight into your customer’s mindset whenever he/she makes a purchase.

With a good amount of understanding and interpretation, you can easily figure out the best way to make your product more appealing to your consumers.

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Such powerful insights not only help you in presenting your products or services in the best manner but also create an impact on your consumer that’ll play a major role in customer retention.

So, how do you get started? It’s simple.

For a quick start, you can refer to the various consumer behaviour models that have been devised to properly understand the behaviour of customers.

Now, as you are aware of the importance of consumer behaviour and ready to delve into different models of consumer behaviour, it is necessary to understand the various factors that affect consumer behaviour.

Onsite Factors that Affect Consumer Behaviour

Onsite Factors that Affect Consumer Behaviour

Onsite Factors that Affect Consumer Behaviour

There are a number of factors that actually draw an impact on consumer behaviour.

You should understand that one or more of these factors directly affect the way the consumers are going to interact with your product or service.

If you really want to sell your products to your customers and if you are aiming towards increasing your sales then it is must for you to understand the factors that influence the consumer behaviour. Unless and until you know what encourages the people to buy your products or services you can’t simply convert them into your potential customers.

Here we have mentioned the essential factors that influence consumer behaviour:

1. Perception

Everyone has their own way of perceiving a situation or a problem.

A customer may want to purchase a product but would not go ahead with this decision if they fail to perceive the product in terms of their needs or requirements.

You have to understand that perception is one of the major factors than can influence your customer’s behaviour. Whether it’s you or I or anybody else, we prefer to buy those products only which are helpful in our point of view. No matter how good is that product, if it fails to manipulate our perception towards it then we are never going to invest in that product.

Besides creating a good product you will also have to focus on targeting the perception of your potential customers because that is what can increase your sales as well as help in strengthening the trust between you are your customer.

It is quite essential to understand the way consumers think while interacting with your products or services and the decisions they make thereafter.

If you clear about your customer’s behaviour then more than half of your job is done. You can draw your strategies accordingly to influence your users depending upon their thought process.

2. Motivation

Motivation

Motivation

Motivation helps in getting your consumers into the comfort zone where they feel confident enough to invest in your product/service.

Let us understand this by a simple example – if a student is not motivated enough to study, will he/she put the 100% efforts into studies? No, the same goes for a customer while he/she is buying a product or service.

Nobody can perform a task happily if he/she is not motivated enough to do so. Take any example under the sky and you will find that no person can do his/her best if he/she is not motivated enough for that.

If your marketing campaigns have lacked motivation in the past, then it’s high time that you shift your focus in gaining your consumer’s confidence by keeping them motivated throughout the sales funnel.

Unless and until your customer is motivated to buy your products or services they won’t take any step in the positive direction.

Hence you will have to focus on your marketing skills. Just by creating a good product you can never be sure that it will alone fetch you the sales, you will have to work on so many factors to achieve your sales goal. No matter how you do it but you will have to fill in the motivation in the people viewing your products and then only they will think to buy it.

3. Roles & Status

Everyone has a role to play in their social circles. The way people interact with their social groups highly influences their behaviour towards purchasing a product.

It has been wisely said that your environment can actually change the way you think. Customers also get influenced by their social circle.

You can’t sell your products or services to everyone under this sky, your products or services have a domain of their own. A person who needs a car will never buy a bicycle and vice-versa. So you need to think of that. Target your customers wisely.

Popular personalities or influencers can directly change the way people perceive your products which can be, therefore, a crucial factor towards defining your marketing success.

If you market a product in a high-class society which is more useful for a middle-class and lower-class society then it will never fetch you desired results because you are not marketing according to the roles and status of people. The better you will target your customer the better results you will get.

 Social status, thereby, is one of the major factors that need to be taken into consideration.

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4. Age

Age is not just a number when it comes to customer behaviour as it largely depicts the requirements of different age groups.

By categorizing your consumers based on their respective ages, you can easily decide which products would be suitable for a particular segment of consumers.

Also, it would assist you in defining an audience set and planning your marketing strategies accordingly.

Normally people do not focus much on these small factors but they need to understand that these factors may look not so convincing to them but they are highly effective when determining consumer behaviour.

You need to target the right age-group if you want to ensure a good sale.

While you are framing your marketing strategies it is very important to target people on a different basis – age, demography, etc. When you do so you actually make your campaign stronger and conversion chances are high enough.

5. Personality

Defining your consumers according to the various personalities that each individual portrays can be a well-defined strategy for campaigns.

Consumer personality differs widely and information about these traits can help you in shaping a better marketing plan that can reap good results for the long term.

6. Experience

There is a vast difference between consumers who are newly introduced to your product and those who have already experienced it.

By keeping a track on how the consumer behaves according to their experience and expertise with the product or service can be quite beneficial for improving consumer experience throughout their journey on making a successful purchase.

7. Culture

Social or cultural factors are the major factors while making a decision. Cultural practices and behaviours might have a direct impact on the behaviour of your consumer while making a purchase.

Customers belonging to a particular may have different preferences in accordance with the product.

Therefore, it becomes necessary to portray your products in an appealing manner such that it pleases your audience from various segments.

8. Social class

Needs and requirements of consumers vary according to the social class they belong to. This can widely bring a change in your marketing efforts as a product suitable to a particular social class might not be appealing to the others.

So, it is necessary to blend your products and services in such a manner that it impacts a wide range of audience across the different social classes.

9. Lifestyle

Lifestyle is often the most neglected factor while planning a marketing strategy. The lifestyle of a consumer has a direct impact on the way he/she may perceive your product.

Marketing your products according to the customer lifestyle would be highly beneficial as it helps in the representation of your product according to the consumer needs.

Just like other factors lifestyle of people matters a lot in making their decision on investing their money. Hence you need to target that as well. Figure out that your product is suitable for which lifestyle peoples and target wisely.

10. Economic factors

Economic factors such as personal income, expenditures, savings, and assets can be a major driving factor toward consumer behaviour.

The performance of your product in the market widely depends on this factor. Consumers may prefer to avail your products or services according to their economic stature which makes it even more important to have a definitive study on consumer behaviour.

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11. Trends

Some things are meant to appeal to a larger audience!

As trends are the most happening thing to follow, it is necessary to notice how consumers behave with the ongoing trends and whether you should be implementing some tactics and practices for making your product or service a part of marketing trends.

With the knowledge of different factors that affect consumer behaviour, it’s now time to look at the various models that you can be followed while understanding consumer behaviour!

There is no denying the fact that people in India focus a lot on their budget. Unless and until their budget allows to buy a certain product or service they won’t go for investing in that no matter what, yes exceptions are there but they are rare. Hence you need to target people according to their economic conditions as well.

Consumer Behaviour Models

Consumer Behaviour Models

Consumer Behaviour Models

There are a number of consumer behaviour models. The models which are listed below have been developed according to the various factors that influence consumer behaviour and the way consumer make decisions:

1. Economic Model

According to this model, consumers try to obtain maximum gains by spending lesser amounts. These behaviours are a direct result of factors such as Income, financial investments, and savings.

The important thing to note here is that this model provides an abrupt description of the consumers.

It defines this particular set of consumers on the basis of their income which points out that people making a larger income may tend to make more purchases.

Similarly, if the products are available at a cheaper cost, it would tend to sell more often in larger quantities.

2. Psychological Model

This is again one of the very popular Consumer Behaviour Models which was proposed by A.H. Maslow in which it is derived that consumer needs rise all the time and it keeps the consumer motivated to make a purchase.

The stronger the need, the higher are the chances of the consumer to find the product more appealing.

The basic needs of the consumer keep growing exponentially until it reaches a higher level of the hierarchy of needs.

This model focuses on consumer needs and depicts how important it is to focus on customer needs to devise a successful marketing strategy.

You need to market your products in such a manner that it satisfies all your consumer needs.

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3. Sociological Model

The sociological model is related to the society and social groups that the consumers belong to. For convenience, these groups are divided into primary and secondary parts.

The primary part consists of family members, friends, and close relatives whereas the second group consists of the members of the same social group.

Now, as the needs and requirements vary across different societies and social groups, it becomes necessary to understand the way consumers belonging to these groups interact with your product and services.

This model mainly on the personalities and lifestyle choices of the consumers.

4. Family Decision Model

The family decision model is in accordance with the different roles portrayed by the members of a family that are potential consumers to your product or services.

These are people within a family that acts as influencers in marketing product whereas others act as consumers of the product.

Also, the family may also have a person in particular who is responsible to make a decision regarding the used product. Similarly, a person in the family can be a buyer who purchases the product.

This is one of the most important Consumer Behaviour Models that is structured around the various roles the members of a family play and how your strategies should be altered to make an impact on each and every set of audience that you come across while marketing your product.

Conclusion

Knowing what is Consumer behaviour is the most important aspect that you should keep in mind while devising a marketing strategy or plan.

If you know how your customer is going to behave on every stage of sales funnel then it becomes quite easier for you to convert a visitor into a potential customer.

If you are talking to a person you can best influence him/her if you know how exactly their behaviour is and how they take your words. The same goes with a customer, you can best influence them if you know their behaviour.

Understanding the way a consumer behaves will provide you with greater insights into how well your product is performing and what necessary measures have to be taken in order to yield better results.

The above-mentioned factors and model will help you in getting the perfect idea about consumer behaviour and it will be a lot easier for you to depict it. If you get any doubt to let us know in the comments below.

Joining the Digital Marketing Certification course will enable you to learn and master how to gauge Consumer Behaviours for running result driven Marketing and Advertising Campaigns.

In case of any queries about the role of Consumer Behaviour in your marketing campaign, feel free to ask us in the comments below.


Engineer by Education, Marketing Influencer by Profession, and Creative Writer by Passion- Shivendra is involved in Branding, Advertising & Consulting in the domain of Digital Marketing over the years. He relies upon his Digital Marketing learnings and uses the creative DNA for composing blogs that have the applied zeal to engage, entertain and inspire the readers- to Connect- Convince- Convert their target audiences via different digital media channels.




There are 4 comments


  • 2 months ago

    James   /   Reply

    Very informative and useful article on consumer behaviour.

    • 2 months ago

      Niharika Mahendra   /   Reply

      Thank You James

  • 2 months ago

    Dolly B Phillips   /   Reply

    Great insights that are useful to pursue digital marketing.

    • 2 months ago

      Niharika Mahendra   /   Reply

      Thank You Dolly

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